The Singapore LGBT encyclopaedia Wiki

The Workers' Party (abbreviation: WP; 工人党, 工人黨; Parti Pekerja; பாட்டாளிக் கட்சி), is a centre-left opposition political party in Singapore. The party currently has nine elected seats in Parliament, with the party's Secretary-General Pritam Singh, Chairman Sylvia Lim, Chen Show Mao, Muhamad Faisal Manap and Low Thia Khiang serving as Members of Parliament (MPs) for Aljunied Group Representation Constituency (GRC), Png Eng Huat as the MP for the single-member constituency of Hougang. Since 2011, the Workers' Party has been the only opposition party in Singapore to have elected MPs in Parliament.

The Workers' Party was founded on 3 November 1957 by Singapore's former Chief Minister, David Marshall.

In 1981, the party's then-leader J. B. Jeyaretnam became the first opposition MP to be elected to Parliament since Singapore's independence in 1965, when he defeated the candidate of the governing People's Action Party (PAP) at a by-election in the constituency of Anson. He was re-elected at the 1984 general election, but subsequently lost his seat in Parliament in 1986 following a conviction for falsely accounting the party's funds, a conviction Jeyaretnam has always maintained was politically motivated. Since the 1991 general election, the party has held the seat of Hougang. Low Thia Khiang was elected as MP for Hougang in 1991 and re-elected at the 1997, 2001 and 2006 general elections. Low moved to Aljunied GRC for the 2011 general election where he led the first team from an opposition party to win a GRC, while Yaw Shin Leong held the Hougang seat for the party. Yaw was expelled from the party in February 2012, which triggered a by-election in Hougang. The seat was retained by the Workers' Party's candidate, Png Eng Huat. On 12 December 2012, Speaker of Parliament and incumbent PAP MP for Punggol East, Michael Palmer, resigned from his seat.[1] After the Prime Minister issued the writ of election for the Punggol East by-election, the Workers' Party announced on 14 January 2013 that Lee Li Lian, who stood in Punggol East in the 2011 general election, had been chosen to represent the party. On 26 January 2013, Lee Li Lian made history as the first woman to win a by-election.[2] However, she narrowly lost her seat in the 2015 general election amid the massive swing towards the PAP.

A number of Workers' Party members have also served as Non-Constituency Members of Parliament (NCMPs). Lee Siew Choh served as an NCMP from 1988 to 1991. Jeyaretnam returned to Parliament as an NCMP from 1997 to 2001 and Sylvia Lim has served as an NCMP from 2006 to 2011. Two members of the party, Gerald Giam and Yee Jenn Jong, served as NCMPs between 2011 and 2015. After the 2015 general election, the Workers' Party nominated Dennis Tan Lip Fong, its candidate in Fengshan SMC, as well as Leon Perera and Daniel Goh Pei Siong, two members of its East Coast GRC team, to serve as NCMPs in the current parliament.

In recent years, the Workers' Party's candidates have worn a uniform of light blue shirts while campaigning to represent the party's links with the blue collar workers.


The Workers' Party believes Singapore must go beyond elitism and materialism and for Singapore to seek for a "First World Parliament", where the government is held accountable for issues concerning Singaporeans and where Singaporeans are able to exercise their rights in political participation.

The Workers' Party pledged in its manifesto to support the working and other lower classes.[3][4] It has also advocated for a more calibrated approach to immigration to Singapore. It has, for instance, proposed that the overall number of foreign workers should be capped if Singapore can achieve a 1 per cent annual growth rate in the local workforce.[5]

In general, the Workers’ Party’s ideology is left-of-centre, with leftist factions.


Founding years[]

In 1956, Singapore's first Chief Minister, David Marshall, resigned following the failure of the Merdeka Talks that had sought self-governance for Singapore.[6] Initially he remained a backbencher in the Legislative Assembly for the Labour Front (the largest party in the assembly at the time), but he left the party in 1957 and founded the Workers' Party of Singapore. Marshall lost his seat in the assembly at the 1959 general election (in which the People's Action Party (PAP) became the majority party and the Workers' Party did not win any seats).

City Council Elections[]

Following the adoption of the Rendel and McNeice Commission recommendations, the six wards in the city area consisting of 18 elected seats was carved into 32. In 1957, the Workers' Party contested 5 seats and won 4. The pro-communists backed the two new entrants, PAP and Workers' Party. Due to this, PAP came out on top in the race, winning the most seats and all except one of its contested seats. Workers' Party also fared well in its electoral debut. However, elected member Chang Yuen Tong resigned in 1958, leaving Workers' Party with 3 seats after it lost a by-election.

Legislative Assembly[]

In 1961, a by-election was held in the constituency of Anson. David Marshall declared his candidature so that the people of Singapore could have an:

"... effective, vigorous and constructive opposition and to protect them against the arrogant dictatorship of unchallenged power. Marshall was also eager to assist the workers to prevent the political enslavement of trade unions and to revive the struggle against colonialism in seeking complete independence preferably within and, if necessary, without the Federation."

He returned to the Legislative Assembly when he won a by-election.

David Marshall, as Chairman of the party, made his views known on merger at public rallies and radio talks. Marshall's stand on merger was that: "... Singapore should seek equal privileges and rights for its citizens in the new federation but surrender autonomy in education and labour, since different policies in these crucial areas would undermine the stability of Malaysia in the long run. He further maintained that if Singapore could not negotiate for a complete merger, she should seek independence on her own, a proposition which drew gales of laughter from the Legislative Chamber at that time. Marshall's strongest objection to the White Paper merger terms was on the point of citizenship and the implications of citizenship in the new federation. He saw the provisions as denying the Singapore citizen who was a federal national, the right of political participation in terms of being allowed to organise or contest in an election in the other states of the Federation. Singaporeans would in his view, be no more than favoured foreigners in the Federation, permitted to live and work there without visas, but also without the important constitutional guarantees that immigration barriers would not be raised against them."

The Workers' Party was most concerned with the issue of common citizenship and the rights of Singapore citizens when they joined the Federation. Marshall on 20 August 1962:

"... issued a statement to advise his Executive Council and party members to accept the White Paper proposals for merger, but continued to oppose the Government on the referendum urging the people to cast blank votes on the grounds that it was undemocratically conducted."

Post Independence[]

Singapore became independent in 1965, and at the first post-independence general election in 1968, the PAP won all 58 of the seats in Parliament after the main opposition party at the time, the Barisan Sosialis, boycotted the elections, as a consequence of the mass arrests of most of its leadership since 1963. The PAP maintained this 100% electoral record at the 1972, 1976 and 1980 general elections and all intervening by-elections up to 1981.

Having become a small and fairly insignificant party by the late-1960s, the Workers' Party was revived by a group of lawyers in 1971, led by J. B. Jeyaretnam, who became the party's Secretary-General.

In 1981, the Workers' Party became the first opposition party to win a seat in Parliament in post-independence Singapore when Jeyaretnam won a by-election in Anson. He defeated the PAP's Pang Kim Hin by 7,012 votes (51.9%) to 6,359 (47.1%), with a third candidate taking 131 votes (1.0%). He was re-elected as the constituency's MP at the 1984 general election, in which he defeated the PAP's Ng Pock Too by 9,909 votes (56.8%) to 7,533 (43.2%).

Template:Off topic

However two months after his re-election, Jeyaretnam was charged with falsely accounting the party's funds. In 1986, Senior District Judge Michael Khoo found him innocent of all charges but one. However the prosecution appealed, and the Chief Justice ordered a retrial in a different district court. At the retrial, Jeyaretnam was found guilty on all charges. The convictions disqualified Jeyeretnam from Parliament. Though he was no longer in Parliament, Jeyaretnam continued to be the Workers' Party's Secretary-General.[7]

Re-entry into Parliament[]

In 1987, some Workers' Party members were among a group of 22 people arrested by Singapore's Internal Security Department as part of Operation Spectrum, accused of being Marxists. They were released on condition that they kept out of politics.

Prior to the 1988 general elections, the Barisan Sosialis and the Singapore United Front were merged into the Workers' Party.

At the 1988 general election, the Workers' Party did not win any constituency but came very close to winning the Eunos Group Representation Constituency (which was then a three-member constituency). The party's team of Francis Seow, Lee Siew Choh and Mohd Khalit bin Mohd Baboo won 49.1% of the votes to the PAP team's 50.9%. Only one opposition MP was returned to Parliament (Chiam See Tong of the Singapore Democratic Party). This meant that the Workers' Party was eligible to nominate two members of its team from Eunos to become Non-constituency MPs, as they had the highest percentage of the vote secured by losing opposition candidates at the election. The party had refused to nominate NCMPs in the past, but this time they nominated Seow and Lee to become NCMPs. However Seow (a former head of the Bar Society who had become a thorn in the government's side and had briefly been detained under the Internal Security Act prior to the general election) was subsequently accused of espionage and fled to the United States before he could take up an NCMP seat. Lee Siew Choh, former chairman of the Barisan Sosialis (also a PAP Assemblyman from 1959 to 1961), became Singapore's first NCMP, serving until the 1991 general election. In Parliament, he took up several issues, including the Internal Security Act, living costs and welfare.

Jeyaretnam was sued for slander by the Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew for comments he made at a Workers' Party election rally in 1988. Jeyaretnam lost the case and was ordered to pay Lee damages of S$260,000 plus costs.

WP under Low Thia Khiang[]

At the 1991 general election, Low Thia Khiang, who was then the Workers' Party's Organising Secretary, was elected as the MP for Hougang. He defeated the PAP's Tang Guan Seng by 10,621 votes (52.8%) to 9,487 (47.2%).

The party also polled strongly in Eunos GRC again, losing to the PAP's team by 47.6% of the votes to 52.4%. During the election campaign, one of the Workers' Party's candidates in Eunos, Jufrie Mahmood, drew particular fire from the PAP and Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong, who accused him of being a Malay chauvinist, an accusation Jufrie strongly denied.

No NCMP seats were offered to any of the opposition parties following the election as the opposition won a combined total of four seats (Low of the Workers' Party plus three MPs from the Singapore Democratic Party).

Low, who soon became Assistant Secretary-General of the party, captured national attention for his performances in Parliament, receiving praise for his assertiveness, good analytical ability and his willingness to be constructive rather than oppose for the sake of opposing.

A by-election in the Marine Parade Group Representation Constituency in 1992 was expected to mark the return of Jeyaretnam to electoral politics after his Parliamentary ban had expired. However, one of Workers' Party's candidates turned up late on nomination day, preventing the party from registering its team for the election.

In 1996, Jeyaretnam was sued for an article he wrote in an issue of the Workers' Party's newspaper, The Hammer, in which he called the PAP's Indian leaders a bunch of stooges. He was ordered to pay damages of S$465,000 and S$250,000 in court costs.

Lee Siew Choh left the Workers' Party in 1996, citing differences with Jeyaretnam.

Post Jeyaretnam[]

Low was re-elected as Hougang MP at the 1997 general election.

The party also performed strongly in the Cheng San Group Representation Constituency, where Jeyaretnam was one of the party's candidates. The party lost to the PAP's team in the constituency by 45.2% of the votes to 54.8%.

Besides Low, only one other opposition MP was elected (Chiam See Tong, who had left the Singapore Democratic Party to join the Singapore People's Party). As the Workers' Party's team in Cheng San had polled better than any other opposition losing candidates, they were invited to select an NCMP. Jeyaretnam therefore returned to Parliament as an NCMP.

During the election campaign, another of the Workers' Party's candidates in Cheng San, lawyer Tang Liang Hong, drew particular attention from the PAP, who accused him of being an anti-Christian and anti-Muslim Chinese chauvinist. Tang, who insisted all he was trying to do was to "better represent the Chinese community and ask questions on their behalf", vigorously denied this charge and accused the PAP of trying to win votes by sowing fear into the electorate. He also attacked the PAP on the issue of the Hotel Properties Ltd case (which started when the Stock Exchange of Singapore criticised Hotel Properties Ltd for its "tardiness" in disclosing details of sales of its condominium units to directors and their family members).[8][9] Former Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew, who had purchased one of the units, claimed that Tang was trying to milk this issue for political capital and sued him for defamation. Tang was also sued for branding the PAP leadership as a bunch of liars. He was eventually sued by the whole PAP leadership for a total of S$13.6 million, and fled to Australia soon after the election.

In 2001, Jeyaretnam lost his NCMP seat when he was declared bankrupt after failing to keep up with payments for damages owed from a libel suit brought by Goh Chok Tong and other PAP leaders following comments he had made at an election rally in 1997 (for which he had been ordered to pay S$100,000 plus S$20,000 in court costs).

Low Thia Khiang became the Workers' Party's Secretary-General in 2001 following the resignation of Jeyaretnam. The transfer of party leadership took place in bitter acrimony as Jeyaretnam later accused Low of not doing enough to help him pay the damages from the libel suit. In response, Low claimed that he had always looked upon Jeyaretnam as an elder and had done everything possible to help him.

Many observers speculated that with Low at the helm, Workers' Party would tone down its more hard-line stance and take on a more centrist outlook at the 2001 general election. Indeed, soon after Low took over, Jeyaretnam and a faction which was loyal to him left the party (and later formed the Reform Party), and a group of new, younger members were recruited by the Workers' Party. Among them were James Gomez, Yaw Shin Leong and Sylvia Lim.

Low was re-elected as Hougang MP at the 2001 general election. The Party's fortunes reached a low as it only contested in two seats, in Hougang and Nee Soon East SMCs and had its entire Aljunied GRC team disqualified on Nomination Day.

2006 General Elections[]

File:Workers party rally.jpg

A Workers' Party election rally at the Serangoon Stadium.

The Workers' Party launched an updated manifesto in January 2006 entitled "You Have a Choice". The 52-page booklet outlined the party's stand on issues and policies, covering areas from economic and judicial policies to media and sports and recreation.[10] The manifesto, which had last been updated in 1994, took one year to work on according to Low. The manifesto was attacked by the PAP for containing "time-bombs".[11] In response, the Workers' Party quipped that its manifesto contained only time bombs which threatened the PAP's power.

At the 2006 general election, Low was elected as Hougang MP for the fourth time. The party also polled strongly in the Aljunied Group Representation Constituency, losing to the PAP's team with 43.9% of the vote to 56.1%. This gave the party the right to the NCMP seat reserved for the best-performing opposition losers, and the party's Chairman, Sylvia Lim, was selected to become the NCMP. In addition, the Workers' Party fielded a youth team led by Yaw Shin Leong in Ang Mo Kio GRC helmed by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong. Expected to fair badly or even lose their election deposits, the team garnered a respectable 33.4% or one-third of the votes.

During the 2006 election campaign, controversy arose over one of the Workers' Party's candidates in Aljunied GRC, James Gomez, who claimed that the Elections Department had lost his minority race candidate's certificate, and was forced to apologise when closed-circuit television evidence showed that he had placed the form in his briefcase without submitting it. The PAP attacked Gomez for the incident, with Lee Kuan Yew publicly calling him a "liar". One day after the election, Gomez was prevented from leaving Singapore on a trip to Stockholm and questioned by police over whether he had committed criminal intimidation in his dealings with the Elections Department. He was subsequently released after being given a warning, and was allowed travel to Stockholm.

2011 General Elections and Aljunied GRC breakthrough[]

The manifesto for the General Election 2011 was entitled "Towards a First World Parliament". This was also used as a slogan during campaigning. One key proposal was for more affordable public housing such that Housing Development Board (HDB) lessees should be able to pay off their mortgage loans within 20 years rather than 30 years. On 27 April 2011, Low Thia Khiang announced his candidacy for the Aljunied Group Representation Constituency along with Lim and three other "A-list" candidates, vacating his seat of Hougang and leaving it to Yaw Shin Leong.

On 7 May 2011, six Workers' Party candidates were returned as Members of Parliament. Yaw successfully retained the party stronghold of Hougang with a majority slightly under 65%, while Low, Sylvia Lim, Chen Show Mao, Muhamad Faisal Manap and Pritam Singh were victorious in Aljunied Group Representation Constituency, claiming 54.71% of the votes to unseat the incumbent PAP team which included two cabinet ministers, including the Foreign Minister George Yeo. Including overseas votes, the percentage of valid votes cast in favour of the Workers' Party team was 54.72%.

In addition, the party was eligible to take up two additional Non-Constituency Member of Parliament (NCMP) seats by virtue of being the best-performing losers at the polls for Joo Chiat Single Member Constituency and East Coast Group Representation Constituency respectively. The party nominated Yee Jenn Jong (who contested in Joo Chiat) and Gerald Giam (who was part of the team which contested East Coast GRC) to take up the two additional NCMP seats. Including these 2 seats, the party had a total of 8 seats, the most for any opposition party in Singapore since independence.

On 12 June 2011, the Workers' Party launched its grassroots arm for Aljunied GRC,[12] called the Aljunied Constituency Committee. It also combined the Hougang and Aljunied town councils to form the Aljunied-Hougang Town Council.

Hougang and Punggol East By-Elections[]

On 15 February 2012, the Workers' Party expelled Yaw Shin Leong, MP for Hougang SMC, for failing to account for allegations made against him.[13] Yaw has been accused of several indiscretions in his private life. With the expulsion, a by-election for Hougang SMC was announced and the nomination date was set on 16 May 2012, followed by polling day on 26 May 2012. Yaw had up to 24 February 2012 to appeal against his expulsion.

A by-election was held on 27 May 2012 to fill the vacant seat, which the Workers' Party candidate Png Eng Huat won to retain the Hougang SMC seat for the party.[14] Veteran party member Poh Lee Guan registered to be a candidate for the same election without consulting the party's executive council, personally explaining his role as a backup for Png. In July 2012, Poh was expelled from the party after the council deliberated and found his reasoning unacceptable.[15]

On 6 January 2013, the Workers' Party announced plans to purchase its own premises as its current rented premises at Syed Alwi Road was too small for its operations. Sufficient funds were eventually raised and the new HQ was opened in 2017.[16]

Another by-election was held in 2013 in Punggol East SMC when PAP Member of Parliament and Speaker Michael Palmer resigned his seat for indiscretions with a People's Association staff. On 16 January 2013, the nomination day for the by-election, the Workers' Party fielded Lee Li Lian as the candidate. Lee Li Lian was also the Workers' Party candidate for Punggol East SMC in the 2011 General Election.

On 26 January 2013, Lee Li Lian was elected as the MP for Punggol East SMC with 54.52% of the valid votes.[17]

2015 General Elections[]

The Workers' Party announced that it would contest 28 seats, an increase of 5 from GE 2011, and slightly under a third of the 89 parliamentary seats.[18]

The MP for Aljunied GRC, Low Thia Khiang announced that he will remain in the same GRC, quashing rumours that he might lead a team to contest in other GRCs.

During a walkabout, party Chairman, Sylvia Lim, confirmed that all its elected MPs from the last Election (and by-elections) will be defending their respective wards:[19]

In Punggol East SMC, PAP's candidate Charles Chong, who had received 16,957 or 51.76% of the valid votes, won the seat back for PAP from Lee who received 15,801 votes or 48.24%.[20] In Hougang SMC, Workers' Party candidate Png Eng Huat, who was MP since 2012, garnered 13,012, or 57.69% of the valid votes and was re-elected.[21]

In Aljunied GRC, all five Workers' Party candidates were re-elected for a second term in Parliament, but by a far smaller margin. They garnered 70,050 or 50.96% of the valid votes.[21] The People's Action Party team led by former Member of Parliament Yeo Guat Kwang garnered 67,424 votes.

Consequently, Workers' Party became the only party representing the opposition in the Parliament for the first time since 1984. Together with 3 NCMPs, they will form an opposition of 9. Lee was the first of the three NCMPs but declined the offer. Workers' Party candidate for Fengshan SMC, Dennis Tan was next in line for the second NCMP seat, while the party's East Coast GRC team nominated Leon Perera for the third seat. Workers' Party announced that if Parliament appointed another NCMP to replace Lee, they would nominate Associate Professor Daniel Goh for the seat.

On 29 January 2016, Parliament by resolution declared Ms Lee's NCMP seat vacant and resolved that the seat be filled. The Elections Department announced on 4 February 2016 that the Returning Officer received a response from The Workers' Party on their decision to nominate A/P Goh and declared him elected as NCMP.

2016 Leadership Renewal[]

On 29 May 2016, Low Thia Khiang successfully fended off an unprecedented challenge for his Secretary-General post by fellow MP Chen Show Mao for the first time in the party's history. Chen was re-appointed by Low in his previous position as Treasurer for another three months from 7 June 2016 until 9 September 2016, as he had already served two terms in the post.

On 7 June 2016, the party appointed Pritam Singh as Assistant Secretary-General.

2017 Lawsuits, new Headquarters and 60th Anniversary[]

On 26 July 2017, it was announced that the Aljunied-Hougang Town Council, which had appointed an independent panel of three lawyers at the behest of MND and HDB, would be suing town council chairman Pritam Singh, vice-chairman Sylvia Lim, Low who was a town councillor and three others including the town council's former managing agent, for improper payments made to the MA. A pre-trial conference was scheduled for 31 August 2017.

On 29 September 2017, the party's headquarters were relocated from Syed Alwi Road to the Teambuild Centre, located at Geylang Road.[22]

On 3 November 2017, an anniversary dinner was held on Harbourfront Centre, marking a milestone of 60 years since the founding of the party on 3 November 1957. On the same night, Low Thia Khiang announced on his speech that he would step down from his role of Secretary-General and as well in the next party election the following year.[23] A commemorative biographical book for the party, Walking With Singapore, was launched at bookstores the following day.[24][25]

WP under Pritam Singh[]

Pritam Singh was elected to the post of Secretary-General unopposed on 8 April 2018 after Low Thia Khiang decided to step down for leadership renewal. [26]

Central Executive Committee[]

Chairman Over The Years[]

No Name Born-Died Took Office Left Office Tenure (years)
1 David Marshall 1908 - 1995 1957 1963 6
2 Chiang Seok Keong
(Acting Chairman)
- 1963 1964 1
3 Chiang Seok Keong - 1964 1971 7
4 Heng Swee Tong - 1971 1972 1
- Vacant - 1972 1974 -
5 Wong Hong Toy - 1974 1978 4
6 Lim Kang Chew - 1978 1980 2
7 Wong Hong Toy - 1980 1988 8
8 John Gan Eng Guan - 1988 1992 4
9 Dr Tan Bin Seng - 1992 2003 11
10 Sylvia Lim Swee Lian 1965 - 2003 Incumbent 15 (as of 2018)


No Name Born-Died Took Office Left Office Tenure (years)
1 V. R. Balakrishnan - 1957 1958 Template:Age in years
2 K. M. K. Salim - 1958 1959 1
3 Sum Choon Heng - 1959 1960 1
4 Chua Chin Kiat - 1960 1963 3
5 Chong Chee Chong - 1963 1968 5
6 Wong Hong Toy - 1968 1970 2
7 Sum Choon Heng - 1970 1971 1
8 J. B. Jeyaretnam 1926 - 2008 1971 2001 30
9 Low Thia Khiang 1956 - 2001 2018 17
10 Pritam Singh 1976 - 2018 Incumbent 0 (as of 2018)


As of 8 April 2018, the Central Executive Committee comprises [29]

  • Sylvia Lim Swee Lian 林瑞莲, Chairman
  • Muhamad Faisal bin Abdul Manap, Vice-Chairman
  • Pritam Singh, Secretary-General (Party Leader)
  • Gerald Giam Yean Song 严燕松, Treasurer
  • Lee Li Lian 李丽连, Deputy Treasurer
  • Daniel Goh Pei Siong 吴佩松, Organising Secretary & Chair of Media Team
  • Dennis Tan Lip Fong 陈立峰, Organising Secretary
  • Terence Tan Li Chern 陈励正, Deputy Organising Secretary
  • Leon Perera, President of Youth Wing & Deputy Chair of Media Team
  • Png Eng Huat 方荣发, Committee Member
  • Low Thia Khiang 刘程强, Committee Member
  • Firuz Khan, Committee Member
  • Chen Show Mao 陈硕茂, Committee Member
  • John Yam Poh Nam 任保南, Committee Member

Former Members of Parliament[]

No Name Born-Died Constituency Office
1 J. C. Corera - Delta SMC (1957 - 1959) City Council
2 Chang Yuen Tong - Kallang SMC (1957 - 1958) City Council
3 O. S. Rengasamy - Cairnhill SMC (1957 - 1958) City Council
4 Wang Tsun Hao - Telok Ayer SMC (1957 - 1958) City Council Template:Small
5 G. Govindasamy - Bukit Merah SMC (1958) City Council
6 David Marshall 1908 - 1995 Anson SMC (1961 - 1963) Legislative Assembly
7 Joshua Benjamin Jeyaretnam 1926 - 2008 Anson SMC (1981 - 1986) Singapore Parliament
NCMP (1997 - 2001) Singapore Parliament
8 Lee Siew Choh 1917 - 2002 NCMP (1988 - 1991) Singapore Parliament
9 Yaw Shin Leong 1976 - Hougang SMC (2011 - 2012) Singapore Parliament
10 Yee Jenn Jong 1965 - NCMP (2011 - 2015) Singapore Parliament
11 Gerald Giam Yean Song 1977 - NCMP (2011 - 2015) Singapore Parliament
12 Lee Li Lian 1978 - Punggol East SMC (2013 - 2015) Singapore Parliament

Current Members of Parliament[]

No Name Born Constituency Remarks
1 Low Thia Khiang Template:B-da Hougang SMC (1991 - 2011)
Aljunied GRC (Bedok Reservoir-Punggol) (2011 - )
2 Sylvia Lim Swee Lian Template:B-da NCMP (2006 - 2011)
Aljunied GRC (Serangoon) (2011 - )
3 Chen Show Mao Template:B-da Aljunied GRC (Paya Lebar) (2011 - )
4 Muhamad Faisal bin Abdul Manap Template:B-da Aljunied GRC (Kaki Bukit) (2011 - )
5 Pritam Singh Template:B-da Aljunied GRC (Eunos) (2011 - )
6 Png Eng Huat Template:B-da Hougang SMC (2012 - )
7 Dennis Tan Lip Fong Template:B-da NCMP (2015 - )
8 Leon Perera Template:B-da NCMP (2015 - )
9 Daniel Goh Pei Siong Template:B-da NCMP (2016 - ) Seat was offered to Lee Li Lian but was rejected and declared vacant.
Elections Department subsequently confirmed that
Dr Daniel Goh was elected to the vacated seat.

Election results[]

City Council[]

Election Seats up for election Seats contested by party Seats won by walkover Contested seats won Contested seats lost Total seats won Change Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Party leader
1957 32 5 0 4 1 Template:Composition bar Template:Steady 11,896 41.9% 4 seats David Marshall
(not candidate)
City Council By-elections
Election Seats up for election Seats contested by party Contested seats won Contested seats lost Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Constituency contested Party leader
1958 1 1 0 1 304 3.7% 1 seat lost to PAP Kallang City Ward David Marshall

Legislative Assembly[]

Election Seats up for election Seats contested by party Seats won by walkover Contested seats won Contested seats lost Total seats won Change Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Party leader
1959 51 3 0 0 3 Template:Composition bar Template:Steady 4,127 0.8% no seat David Marshall
1963 51 3 0 0 3 Template:Composition bar Template:Steady 286 0.1% no seat Chua Chin Kiat
Legislative Assembly By-elections
Election Seats up for election Seats contested by party Contested seats won Contested seats lost Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Constituency contested Party leader
1961 2 1 1 0 3,598 43.3% 1 seat gain from PAP Anson SMC David Marshall


Election Seats up for election Seats contested by party Seats won by walkover Contested seats won Contested seats lost Total seats won Change Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Party leader
1968 58 2 0 0 2 Template:Composition bar Template:Steady 3,049 4.0% no seat Chiang Seok Keong
(not candidate)
1972 65 27 0 0 27 Template:Composition bar Template:Steady 90,885 12.2% no seat J. B. Jeyaretnam
1976 69 22 0 0 22 Template:Composition bar Template:Steady 91,966 11.5% no seat J. B. Jeyaretnam
1980 75 8 0 0 8 Template:Composition bar Template:Steady 39,590 6.2% no seat J. B. Jeyaretnam
1984 79 15 0 1 14 Template:Composition bar Template:Increase1 110,939 12.7% 1 elected seat J. B. Jeyaretnam
1988 81 32 0 0 32 Template:Composition bar Template:Decrease1 224,473 16.7% no seat + 2 NCMPs
(1 NCMP eventually disqualified)
J. B. Jeyaretnam
(not candidate)
1991 81 13 0 1 12 Template:Composition bar Template:Increase1 112,010 14.3% 1 elected seat J. B. Jeyaretnam
(not candidate)
1997 83 14 0 1 13 Template:Composition bar Template:Steady 101,544 14.2% 1 elected seat + 1 NCMP J. B. Jeyaretnam
2001 84 2 0 1 1 Template:Composition bar Template:Steady 19,060 3.0% 1 elected seat Low Thia Khiang
2006 84 20 0 1 19 Template:Composition bar Template:Steady 183,578 16.3% 1 elected seat + 1 NCMP Low Thia Khiang
2011 87 23 0 6 17 Template:Composition bar Template:Increase5 258,510 12.8% 6 elected seats + 2 NCMPs Low Thia Khiang
2015 89 28 0 6 22 Template:Composition bar Template:Steady 281,697 12.48% 6 elected seats + 3 NCMPs Low Thia Khiang
Parliament By-elections
Election Seats up for election Seats contested by party Contested seats won Contested seats lost Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Constituency contested Party leader
1977 2 1 0 1 5,021 29.4% no seat Radin Mas SMC J. B. Jeyaretnam
1979 7 1 0 1 8,036 38.8% no seat Telok Blangah SMC J. B. Jeyaretnam
1981 1 1 1 0 7,012 51.9% 1 seat gain from PAP Anson SMC J. B. Jeyaretnam
2012 1 1 1 0 13,460 62.1% 1 seat hold Hougang SMC Low Thia Khiang
2013 1 1 1 0 16,038 54.5% 1 seat gain from PAP Punggol East SMC Low Thia Khiang


  1. Template:Cite news
  2. Template:Cite news
  3. Template:Cite web
  4. Template:Cite web
  5. Template:Cite web
  6. Template:Cite web
  7. Template:Cite web
  8. Ven Sreenivasan and Michelle Low, "Analysts support SES censure of HPL," in: Business Times, 24 April 1996, p. 15
  9. Because Singapore's Senior Minister Lee Kuan Yew and his wife took discounts while purchasing an apartment in 1996, and Lee Suan Yew (Lee's younger brother) was on the board of directors of the company, this had raised suspicions of impropriety. Tang made these allegations in a Chinese magazine Yazhou Zhoukan, which later lost a libel suit filed by Lee Kuan Yew and was ordered to pay damages. Deputy Prime Minister Tony Tan, former Cabinet Minister S. Dhanabalan and Heng Chiang Meng, President of the Real Estate Developer's Association of Singapore (REDAS), told the House that it was normal practice for developers to cite high list prices and offer customers varying discounts.
    Warren Fernandez, "Full details of condo deals revealed," The Straits Times, 22 May 1996, p.1
  10. Template:Cite web
  11. [1] Template:Dead link
  12. Template:Cite web
  13. Expulsion of Yaw Shin Leong from Party Membership : The Workers’ Party of Singapore Template:Webarchive
  14. Template:Cite web
  15. Breaking News – Singapore | The Straits Times
  16. Template:Cite web
  17. Template:Cite web
  18. Template:Cite web
  19. Template:Cite web
  20. Template:Cite web
  21. 21.0 21.1 Today Newspaper,(Hardcopy) Page 20, Saturday ,12 September 2015
  22. Template:Cite web
  23. Template:Cite web
  24. Template:Cite web
  25. Template:Cite web
  27. Template:Cite web
  28. Template:Cite web

External links[]

Template:Library resources box